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People's University Livestream: Series 33 - The Cold War


People's University: The Cold WarWatch videos from this series below.

The thirty-third series in our People's University program,  "The Cold War,"  starts December 2, 2021.  The "Cold War" was the crucible by which the United States was transformed into a global superpower and laid the basis for the national security state. The ideological and geopolitical competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union shaped the global and regional makeup of the modern world. A driver for the development of both conventional and nuclear forces, the Cold War played out not just between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R, but also in Europe, East Asia, the Middle East, indeed, the entire world, leaving legacies that continue to influence global politics in the twenty-first century.

In this series of eight classes, we'll look at the origins and developments of the conflict, from containment, the red scare, the space race, the building and tearing down of the Berlin Wall, to the collapse of the Soviet Union. We will also explore memories and events of Wheeling and the state of West Virginia during the period and end by examining how the Cold War is still impacting the world today. 

Classes starts at 7:00 pm in the Library Auditorium and will be broadcast live on Facebook, on YouTube, and below.  Log into your Facebook or YouTube account during the program to leave questions for our presenters in the comments box. They will answer them during the live broadcast. 

Class 1: Introduction: "Iron Curtain Rising. What was the Cold War?" 

In this introduction to the Cold War, we will discuss agreements made during wartime prior to 1945; the first confrontations over Poland, Iran, Turkey, etc.; the Long Telegram and Containment; the Truman Doctrine, The Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift, and NATO. It's a lot to cover, but if you've heard Dr. Kappel lecture before, you know it will be an excellent primer for this series.  

Thursday | December 2, 2021 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 1: "Introduction: Iron Curtain Rising. What was the Cold War?" with instructor Dr. Gary Kappel

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Gary Kappel, Emeritus Professor of History, spent his entire professional career serving the students and his colleagues at his alma mater, Bethany College. In addition to teaching courses in World History, European History, Military History, and the history of ideas, for many years he taught First Year seminars in the Cold War and the history of Bethany College. He earned his B.A. at Bethany College, and his M.A. & Ph.D. at West Virginia University.


Class 2: Wars of Containment

In class two, Dr. Kappel will discuss United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, better known as NSC 68; Korea; Massive Retaliation; CIA skullduggery in Iran and Guatemala; the Hungarian Revolution; and Vietnam in the early days leading to massive American intervention in 1965.

Thursday | December 9, 2021 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 2: "Wars of Containment" with instructor Dr. Gary Kappel

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Gary Kappel, Emeritus Professor of History, spent his entire professional career serving the students and his colleagues at his alma mater, Bethany College. In addition to teaching courses in World History, European History, Military History, and the history of ideas, for many years he taught First Year seminars in the Cold War and the history of Bethany College. He earned his B.A. at Bethany College, and his M.A. & Ph.D. at West Virginia University.


Class 3: Fall of Empires

In class three, Dr. Joseph Laker will talk about decolonization, discussing the three main phases of Empire building and the empires built, the reasons that the empires began to decline and disappear, and finally the consequences of colonialism both for the colonized and the colonizer.

Thursday | December 16, 2021 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 3: "Fall of Empires" with instructor Dr. Joe Laker

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Joe Laker is Emeritus Professor of History at Wheeling Jesuit University and a Board Member of the West Virginia Independence Hall Foundation. Following his graduation from Marian College with a degree in history, he spent two years teaching English conversation in Kyoto, Japan. He returned home to seek advanced degrees at Indiana University and received his Ph. D. in history in 1975. He spent the next 33 years at Wheeling Jesuit University. He has written a number of articles on various aspects of Japanese and world history. Since retiring in 2008, he has written a history on Wheeling Jesuit and a variety of articles on West Virginia history.


Class 4: The Second Red Scare

With the fear of the Soviet Union came a related fear of communism at home.  While often associated with Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, an anti-Communist movement took shape, influencing politics, Hollywood, labor unions, and the daily lives of Americans worried about the influence of communism all around them.  In class four, Dr. Hal Gorby will examine how this time period could both be an age of economic security as well as heightened paranoia about the “Red Menace.” 

Tuesday | December 21, 2021 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 4: "The Second Red Scare" with instructor Dr. Hal Gorby

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. William Hal Gorby is a teaching assistant professor of history and director of undergraduate advising at West Virginia University. He teaches courses on West Virginian, Appalachian, and American immigration history. He consulted on the research and script editing for the Emmy-nominated PBS American Experience documentary The Mine Wars and hosted and researched the podcast "Henry: The Life and Times of Wheeling's Most Notorious Brewer," produced by Wheeling Heritage Media. His book, Wheeling's Polonia: Reconstructing Polish Community in a West Virginia Steel Town was published by WVU Press in 2020.


Class 5: More Bombs, Bigger Bombs, Better Bombs

Tonight will be all about bombs and acronyms! Dr. Kappel will discuss the origins of Manhattan Project; the decision to use the bomb; early nuclear strategy; Russian acquisition; H-Bombs; Massive Retaliation vs. ladder of escalation; Counterforce vs. Countervalue; MAD (Mutual assured destruction); SALT (Strategic Arms Limitations Talks) I and ABM (anti-ballistic missile); SALT II; Reagan and SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative).

Tuesday | December 30, 2021 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 5: "More Bombs, Bigger Bombs, Better Bombs" with instructor Dr. Gary Kappel

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Gary Kappel, Emeritus Professor of History, spent his entire professional career serving the students and his colleagues at his alma mater, Bethany College. In addition to teaching courses in World History, European History, Military History, and the history of ideas, for many years he taught First Year seminars in the Cold War and the history of Bethany College. He earned his B.A. at Bethany College, and his M.A. & Ph.D. at West Virginia University.


Class 6: A Global War

Dr. Laker will discuss the broad ideological, economic, military, and diplomatic factors of the global struggle concentrating on places where conflict took place — Europe: Berlin, Hungary, Poland, and Czechoslovakia;  Asia: Korea, Vietnam, Malaya, and off the China Coast; Africa: Congo and Angola; and Latin America: Cuba, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. We'll talk about geopolitical theaters, Bay of Pigs, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Thursday | January 6, 2022 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 6: "A Global War" with instructor Dr. Joe Laker

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Joe Laker is Emeritus Professor of History at Wheeling Jesuit University and a Board Member of the West Virginia Independence Hall Foundation. Following his graduation from Marian College with a degree in history, he spent two years teaching English conversation in Kyoto, Japan. He returned home to seek advanced degrees at Indiana University and received his Ph. D. in history in 1975. He spent the next 33 years at Wheeling Jesuit University. He has written a number of articles on various aspects of Japanese and world history. Since retiring in 2008, he has written a history on Wheeling Jesuit and a variety of articles on West Virginia history.


Class 7: Reagan and Gorbachev

In this class, Dr. Hale will discuss the situation before Reagan and Gorbachev come to power; the role of their personalities and how they evolved over their terms; the impact of Gorbachev’s reforms, the transformation of the Warsaw Pact and the reunification of Germany.

Class starts at 7:00 pm in the Library Auditorium. This program will be available to watch live on Facebook Live, on YouTube, and on the OCPL website's People's University: The Cold War Livestream page Log into your Facebook or YouTube account during the program to leave questions for Dr. Hale in the comments box. She will answer them during the live broadcast. 

Thursday | January 13, 2022 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 7: "Reagan and Gorbachev" with instructor Dr. Korcaighe Hale

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Korcaighe Hale is Associate Professor of History at the Zanesville campus of Ohio University and began her career examining the nature of Irish neutrality policy during World War II and after, as well as European diplomacy in the immediate post-World War II era. More recently, her research has expanded to include modern popular culture studies, and she is currently working on a monograph examining the use of historical methods in science fiction. Dr. Hale earned a B.A., Journalism and History, from the University of Montana, an M.Sc., International History, from the London School of Economics, and her Ph.D. in History from Ohio University.


Class 8: Epilogue: Duck and Cover — Is the Cold War Over?

In the last class of our Cold War series, we look to the present and the future. Dr. Hale will look at the collapse fo the Soviet Union, uneasy partners and the first Gulf war; the momentary seduction of democratic peace theory; the structural conflict between big powers; the legacies of NATO and Russia: Cold War armaments/nukes/biological warfare, control of resources, and power displays.

Class starts at 7:00 pm in the Library Auditorium. This program will be available to watch live on Facebook Live, on YouTube, and on the OCPL website's People's University: The Cold War Livestream page Log into your Facebook or YouTube account during the program to leave questions for Dr. Hale in the comments box. She will answer them during the live broadcast. 

Thursday | January 20, 2022 at 7:00 pm
LWB LIVESTREAM: The Cold War - Class 8: "Duck and Cover — Is the Cold War Over?" with instructor Dr. Korcaighe Hale

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Korcaighe Hale is Associate Professor of History at the Zanesville campus of Ohio University and began her career examining the nature of Irish neutrality policy during World War II and after, as well as European diplomacy in the immediate post-World War II era. More recently, her research has expanded to include modern popular culture studies, and she is currently working on a monograph examining the use of historical methods in science fiction. Dr. Hale earned a B.A., Journalism and History, from the University of Montana, an M.Sc., International History, from the London School of Economics, and her Ph.D. in History from Ohio University.


CLASS SCHEDULE:
Class 1: Dec. 2 — Introduction: Iron Curtain Rising. What was the Cold War? — Instructor Dr. Gary Kappel
Class 2: Dec. 9 — Wars of Containment — Instructor Dr. Gary Kappel
Class 3: Dec. 16 — Fall of Empires — Instructor Dr. Joe Laker
Class 4: Dec. 21 (Tuesday) — The Second Red Scare — Instructor Dr. Hal Gorby
Class 5: Dec. 30 — More Bombs, Bigger Bombs, Better Bombs — Instructor Dr. Gary Kappel
Class 6: Jan. 6 — A Global War — Instructor Dr. Joe Laker
Class 7: Jan. 13 — Reagan and Gorbachev — Instructor Dr. Korcaighe Hale
Class 8: Jan. 20 — Epilogue, Duck and Cover: Is the Cold War Over? — Instructor Dr. Korcaighe Hale

INSTRUCTORS:
Dr. Gary Kappel, Emeritus Professor of History, spent his entire professional career serving the students and his colleagues at his alma mater, Bethany College. In addition to teaching courses in World History, European History, Military History, and the history of ideas, for many years he taught First Year seminars in the Cold War and the history of Bethany College. He earned his B.A. at Bethany College, and his M.A. & Ph.D. at West Virginia University.

Dr. Joe Laker is Emeritus Professor of History at Wheeling Jesuit University and a Board Member of the West Virginia Independence Hall Foundation. Following his graduation from Marian College with a degree in history, he spent two years teaching English conversation in Kyoto, Japan. He returned home to seek advanced degrees at Indiana University and received his Ph. D. in history in 1975. He spent the next 33 years at Wheeling Jesuit University. He has written a number of articles on various aspects of Japanese and world history. Since retiring in 2008, he has written a history on Wheeling Jesuit and a variety of articles on West Virginia history.

Dr. William Hal Gorby is a teaching assistant professor of history and director of undergraduate advising at West Virginia University. He teaches courses on West Virginian, Appalachian, and American immigration history. He consulted on the research and script editing for the Emmy-nominated PBS American Experience documentary The Mine Wars and hosted and researched the podcast "Henry: The Life and Times of Wheeling's Most Notorious Brewer," produced by Wheeling Heritage Media. His book, Wheeling's Polonia: Reconstructing Polish Community in a West Virginia Steel Town was published by WVU Press in 2020.

Dr. Korcaighe Hale is Associate Professor of History at the Zanesville campus and began her career examining the nature of Irish neutrality policy during World War II and after, as well as European diplomacy in the immediate post-World War II era. More recently, her research has expanded to include modern popular culture studies, and she is currently working on a monograph examining the use of historical methods in science fiction. Dr. Hale earned a B.A., Journalism and History, from the University of Montana, an M.Sc., International History, from the London School of Economics, and her Ph.D. in History from Ohio University.


Classes starts at 7pm in the Library Auditorium. These programs will be available to watch live on Facebook Live, on YouTube, and right here on the OCPL website's People's University "Cold War" Livestream page Online viewers can leave questions for our presenters by logging into their Facebook or YouTube account during the program to leave using the comments box. The questions will be answered during the live broadcast. 

People's University: The Cold War Preview


FEATURED BOOK:
The Cold War: A New History,  by John Lewis Gaddis. (Penguin Press, 2005)
[Reserve a copy from the Library  |  Stream the audiobook with your OCPL library card through WVDeli or HooplaDigital ]

book coverThe "dean of Cold War historians" (New York Times) now presents the definitive account of the global confrontation that dominated the last half of the twentieth century. It began during the Second World War, when American and Soviet troops converged from east and west. Their meeting point-a small German city-became part of a front line that solidified shortly thereafter into an Iron Curtain. It ended in a climactic square-off between Ronald Reagan's America and Gorbachev's Soviet Union. In between were decades of global confrontation, uncertainty, and fear. Drawing on new and often startling information from newly opened Soviet, Eastern European, and Chinese archives, this thrilling account explores the strategic dynamics that drove the Cold War, provides illuminating portraits of its major personalities, and offers much fresh insight into its most crucial events. Riveting, revelatory, and wise, it tells a story whose lessons it is vitally necessary to understand as America once more faces an implacable ideological enemy.

➤ View all books about the Cold War available at the Library
➤ View all books about the Cold War available through WVDeli
➤ View all books about the Cold War available through Hoopla


- People's University Online-
Thursdays from 7:00 pm to 8:30 pm on YouTube Live and Facebook Live
Note: Class 4 with Dr. Gorby is TUESDAY, Dec. 21

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People's University logoABOUT THE OCPL'S PEOPLE'S UNIVERSITY SERIES:

In 1951, the Ohio County Public Library's librarian, Virginia Ebeling, referenced British historian Thomas Carlyle, who said, “the public library is a People’s University,” when she initiated a new adult education program with that name. Miss Ebeling charged the library with the responsibility of reaching “as many people in the community as possible.” In keeping with that tradition of public libraries as sanctuaries of free learning for all people, the Ohio County Public Library revived the series in 2010.

The People’s University features courses (taught by experts in each subject) that enable patrons to pursue their goal of lifelong learning in classic subjects such as history, music appreciation, philosophy, and literature. Patrons may attend as many classes as they wish. There are no tests of other requirements and all programs are free and open to the public. For more information about PU: The Cold War, EMAIL US,  visit ohiocountylibrary.org or call the library at 304-232-0244.

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